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article imageAncient textile art pieces returned to Peru from Sweden

By Igor I. Solar     Oct 1, 2014 in Entertainment
Lima - Peru's National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History will display until October 12 a priceless mantle recovered from Gothenburg, Sweden. This textile piece ascribed to the Paracas culture is almost 2,000 years old and is in perfect condition.
The cloak is defined as a "Ñañaca", a sort of headpiece that could have been part of the funerary bundle of a high ranking individual corresponding to the transition between the Paracas society and Nazca culture, which developed in Peru between the 7th Century BC and the 2nd Century AD. The valuable mantle had been removed from a cemetery of the Paracas Indian culture known as “Arenas Blancas” (White Sands) located in the coastal area of the Ica region, about 260 kilometers south of Lima. The textile object dates back nearly two thousand years and is part of a collection of 89 textile art pieces illegally exported from Peru to Sweden in the 1930s.
Paracas Textile Art. This 2 000 year-old mantle  one of 89 pieces pertaining to the Paracas culture ...
Paracas Textile Art. This 2,000 year-old mantle, one of 89 pieces pertaining to the Paracas culture of Ancient Peru was recently returned to Peru from Gothenburg, Sweden.
Gov't of Peru. Peruvian Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology, and History
Paracas Textile Art. One of thirty-two panels showing the figure of a condor.
Paracas Textile Art. One of thirty-two panels showing the figure of a condor.
Gov't of Peru. Peruvian Museum of the Archaeology, Anthropology, and History
The piece measures 53 cm wide by 104 cm long. It consists of 32 small panels with figures associated with the natural world and the change of the seasons, so some experts believe that it represents an agricultural calendar. The figures in the panels show in exquisite detail condors, frogs, cats, shrimps, various land and sea birds, human figures and agricultural products like maize and cassava.
"We are looking at a unique piece, not only for its iconography showing the scientific knowledge of the ancient Peruvians, but also for the high quality of the garment that has remained intact for more than two thousand years without restoration" said Carmen Thais, head of the Textiles Section of the National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru located in the district of Pueblo Libre, Lima.
Paracas headpiece made of cotton  camelid fiber and feathers. Brooklyn Museum. The image shows how t...
Paracas headpiece made of cotton, camelid fiber and feathers. Brooklyn Museum. The image shows how the "Calendar Mantle" was worn by a high ranking Paracas chief.
A.W. Jenkins Fund
The return of the entire collection of 89 textile pieces from the Museum of World Culture of Sweden to Peru will take place in stages. The precious “Calendar Mantle” and three other items arrived in Lima in mid-June. It is expected that all textiles will be back in Peru in 2021.
The Paracas culture was an important Pre-Columbian and Pre-Inca civilization of ancient Peru that developed in the Peninsula of Paracas, Ica region, between 700 BC and 200 AD and is considered one of the oldest complex societies of South America. The Paracas people made of wool and cotton, finely decorated pottery and elaborately basketry. They also performed cranial trepanation which purposes are still under study.
In recent years, various cultural articles, including Pre-Columbian textiles and colonial archaeological pieces, have been recovered by Peru from other countries. Numerous relics of ancient Peruvian cultures that were illegally exported are being returned to Peru from museums around the world including Ecuador, United States, Italy, Argentina, Egypt, Australia, Brazil and the UK.
The National Museum of Archaeology  Anthropology and History of Peru located at Bolívar Square in t...
The National Museum of Archaeology, Anthropology and History of Peru located at Bolívar Square in the Pueblo Libre district of Lima.
More about Calendar Mantle, Paracas Textile, PreInca culture, Peruvian Archaelogy, Paracas culture
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